The Bible is the Inspired, Infallible and Inerrant Word of God

Biblical Inspiration

The Bible is the ‘inspired’ Word of God, meaning that God literally breathed all of it into existence by His Holy Spirit via its human authors. The Bible itself in 2 Timothy 3:16 says,

“All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness”

The essence of God breathing His thoughts through over 20 different authors over approximately 2,000 years is what is meant by the ‘inspired’ Word of God. God did this through His Holy Spirit. 2 Peter 1:21 says,

“For prophecy never had its origin in the human will, but prophets, though human, spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit.”

Therefore God communicated the contents of the Bible through His Holy Spirit directly through its human authors.

The Bible can also said to be “verbal plenary” inspiration meaning that the very words spoken (verbal) by God, not just God’s thoughts or ideas, extends throughout the each part of scripture and all of its subject matters (plenary).

Biblical Infallibility

God is perfect[1] and His Word (the scriptures) are also perfect or ‘infallible’, i.e. incapable of error; that is to say that what the Bible says regarding salvation, faith and life is completely trustworthy and reliable. The Bible makes this statement itself in Psalm 119:160,

“All your words are true; all your righteous laws are eternal.”

The best proof that we have for Biblical infallibility is prophecy. The Bible is the only book to have ever been written which has made predictions (prophecy) about future events that have come true when it has said they will. For example in Jeremiah 25:11-12 it says,

“This whole country will become a desolate wasteland, and these nations will serve the king of Babylon seventy years. “But when the seventy years are fulfilled, I will punish the king of Babylon and his nation, the land of the Babylonians, for their guilt,” declares the Lord, “and will make it desolate forever.””

Using Biblical chronology this was fulfilled exactly by Babylon in 609 B.C. when they invaded the Land of Israel and took captives back to Babylon. Then in 539 B.C. Cyrus ‘Cyrus the Great’ defeated Babylon and allowed the captive Jews the freedom to return to Israel.

Therefore the very words contained within the Bible are the very words of God recorded and written down for us for instruction and we can have confidence that they are inspired and infallible.

Biblical Inerrancy

As recorded in the original manuscripts the scriptures can be said to be without errors or contrary to established fact and are therefore ‘inerrant’. The Bible makes this claim to inerrancy in Proverbs 30:5,

“Every word of God is flawless; he is a shield to those who take refuge in him.”

If the Bible did contain errors then this would mean that God Himself is capable of creating errors because the Bible reflects the character of God; who is its author.

This does not mean that subsequent translations are without error, for example ‘The Message’ Bible completely denigrates the deity of Christ Jesus in John 10:30. Compare the Authorised Version of John 10:30,

I and my Father are one.

And the NIV translation of John 10:30,

I and the Father are one.”

To the Message,

I and the Father are one heart and mind.”

This translation completely misses the mark and belittles Jesus’ divinity. A good translation of the Bible is considered to be either the NIV or the ESV.

The Bible is the inspired, infallible and inerrant Word of God.

[1] Psalm 18:30, Matthew 5:48


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